Periodontic Treatment

The term “periodontal” means “around the tooth.” Therefore, periodontal disease affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth. Plaque is the most common element causing gum disease.

Common problems associated with gum disease:

  • “Long” teeth (receding gum lines expose the root portions of your teeth)
  • Discolored or deteriorating tooth structure
  • Gum depressions (holes in between the teeth in the gum tissue)
  • Infected gum line (discoloration or inflammation of the gum tissue)
  • Tooth loss or tooth movement

Periodontal disease comes in many forms, ranging from mild (gingivitis) to moderate (periodontitis) to the severe (advanced periodontitis). Learn more about the stages of periodontal disease.

Periodontal Disease Is a Risk to Your Overall Health

Severe periodontal infection, if left untreated, may increase the risk for conditions such as arteriosclerosis, coronary heart disease, stroke, diabetes complications and respiratory diseases. Please take the time to watch the following interview on GMOC, with Dr. Peter Farzin discussing the correlation between Your Dental Health and your general health.

Illustrated Systemic Complications:

  1. Bacteria forms plaque under the gums. Pockets then form between the gum and tooth structure, trapping more bacteria and debris.
  2. Bacteria inflames the gums and kills gum tissue, which can invade the connective tissue and blood vessels.
  3. Your immune system tries to fight off the inflammation by creating white blood cells and proteins.
  4. The combination of bacteria, toxins, white blood cells and proteins may damage the cells lining your coronary arteries. This causes plaque to form in the arteries, which leads to arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries).

Treatment and Prevention

Treatments are available for every case of periodontal disease. In certain cases, periodontal surgery may be recommended when non-surgical treatment is ineffective. We may advise procedures such as pocket reduction, soft tissue grafts or bone regeneration to treat periodontal disease. If a tooth has been lost due to periodontal disease, dental implants are always an option for permanent tooth replacement. Good oral hygiene and regular visits with your dentist can prevent periodontal disease. Daily brushing and flossing can keep plaque to a minimum and in conjunction with professional cleanings 2-4 times a year, can keep your teeth healthy for life.